Partial Dentures: All You Need To Know

A partial denture or a bridge, is basically something you can get in cases when you have one of more natural teeth remaining, in your lower or upper jaw. These dentures, can be removable as well, which basically comprises of teeth that are removable, and are connected to gum-colored or pink plastic bases.

These partial dentures, might also consist of a clasp and a metal structure that connects to your teeth, they can also have structures or connectors that are more natural in their appearance. Precision attachments, are devices that are sometimes used in order to attach the partial removable denture to your natural teeth. These connectors or attachments are more esthetic as compared to clasps.

The Purpose of Partial Dentures

If there’s one or more teeth missing in your mouth, the pressure in the mouth shifts. So for example, when there’s a gap in between your teeth, the other teeth around it might start to move in order to make up for the space that exists there. You may experience a shrinkage in the supporting bone and soft tissues near the teeth that is missing. This may result in causing changes in your physical appearance along with issues with the teeth around the missing one.

With the help of a partial denture, the structure of your mouth (that includes the jawbone, gums and facial muscles) will remain engaged and active. This will stop the other teeth in your mouth from shifting, as a result, providing you with the chance to smile confidently and completely.

Partial denture also enables you to enhance your speech. In case you face a difficulty with pronouncing some words, you need to practice regularly. Practice with the words that you find the most difficult to pronounce. As time passes, you’ll be able to correctly speak with your partial denture.

Types Of Partial Dentures

When you’re deciding on choosing a partial denture, there a few types you could look for. Each denture is structured to serve a different purpose and fits a distinct situation, whether you’re in need of a top partial denture (maxillary) or a bottom one (mandibular), or even both.

Cast Metal Partial Dentures

This is a partial denture that consists of a metal structure which connects through clasps linked to the crowns. However, an acrylic plastic that might appear to be gum-colored, shadows the metal frame (making it not visible). However, the clasp might be visible when you’re smiling.

This partial denture, is acrylic based and is known to be the gold standard of such replacements due to its sturdy, long-lasting and strong nature. Other types are also compared to this partial denture.

Flexible Partial Dentures

This name suits appropriately to flexible partial debentures. These dentures are lightweight, flexible and very comfortable.

Your dentist can insert this denture in your mouth, as soon as it has been approved by the laboratory and has been constructed with nylon material that looks very realistic. Normally, there won’t be a necessity to make any alterations with your natural teeth. Along with this, the process is quite comfortable and due to the denture being thin and comfortable, it is easy for most patients to quickly become accustomed to the replacement.

Tooth Flipper

This is another kind of partial denture that mainly serves a temporary purpose, in case your dentist recommends a long-term replacement. It is a good option for a partial denture in order to replace one or more teeth.

One of the many benefits of this denture is the reason that it can assist in reducing the movement of teeth (in the healing process) and bone loss in the mouth.

How To Wear Partial Dentures?

During the start, you might feel the partial denture to be bulky or awkward. This is quite normal and you’ll eventually be fine with it as time passes. You will, however, need to work on the technique of removing and inserting the denture. You need to follow every instruction provided by the dentist.

Furthermore, the denture should eventually fit perfectly in place. Make sure not to apply it forcefully, as it may result in breaking or bending the clasps. You’ll be provided with proper instructions regarding the usage of the denture (when to wear it, when to remove it).

During the start, you’ll be asked to regularly wear the denture. It would feel uncomfortable in the beginning, however, you will soon get to know what areas require adjustments.

Be Cautious!

In case the denture is causing pressure at a certain area, you need to ask your dentist to make adjustments, as it will result in the area becoming sore. When adjustments are made, you’ll be instructed by your dentist to wear the denture partially, for example: replacing it in the morning and taking it off before sleeping.

Take Care of Your Partial Dentures

Following are the tips you could use to take proper care of your dentures:

  • It may be a possibility that your dentist prescribes a cleaner for your denture. You should choose a cleanser having a seal of American Dental Association Seal of Acceptance.
  • To prevent your denture to fall off, you should stand over a sink of water or a towel when cleaning the partial denture.
  • Using toothpaste is a bad idea on dentures, as it may turn out to be too harsh.
  • Dentures are cleaned by hand soap or mild dishwashing liquid but these can be abrasive.
  • In order to prevent the dentures from becoming permanently stained by plaque, they should be brushed daily.
  • Brush designed specifically for dentures should be used so that the bristles easily remove food particles and fit the shape of dentures.
  • A soft bristle brush can also be used, however a hard one should be avoided as it may damage the dentures.
  • After removing the food particles, the cleanser for denture should be applied gently not damaging or bending the dentures.
  • It should be kept moist so that it does not lose its shape. Place it in water or a soaking solution at night. Ask your dentist for a proper method.
  • Chewing, swallowing or gargling should be avoided with denture cleansers.
  • Dentures should always be rinsed before placing it in the mouth.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is it right to eat wearing partial dentures?

Yes, you can eat with partial dentures, starting with small and soft foods. Chew from both sides applying pressure evenly. Hard foods should be avoided such as gum.

Is it right to sleep wearing partial dentures?

It is recommended that one should not sleep with dentures as it can be unhealthy and unsafe. They should be cleaned outside the mouth so that food particles are not stuck or lodged around the partial dentures.

For healthy gums, you need the right oral care along with cleansing of your denture. Physically, the chance to recover and rest will be beneficial for the gums.

Furthermore, some people have a habit of clenching their teeth while sleeping, this may cause pressure in the teeth and may damage both, the denture and the teeth.

What is the cost of getting a partial denture?

The cost of getting a partial denture varies, for example: a plate costs around $300-$5000 and a full-set costs around $600-$10,000. The prices vary according to the situation. For example, the area you live in or the dentist you’ve selected. You need to ask your insurance provider if the cost will be covered by insurance, because this is not always the case. You need to take a close look as most dental plan offer discounts for getting dentures.

An alternative to partial denture is?

Getting a dental implant or a fixed bridge is the basic alternative to a partial denture.

A dental plant is basically placed in a way that two crowns are placed at the sides of the gap and are connected by a false tooth. Note that you cannot get this bridge removed. It is constructed in the laboratory and are attached through special adhesives. Adhesive bridge, is another alternative which has wings and are attached to the back of the teeth.

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